Easy Read Guide to Brexit Words

IRISH BORDER

The Irish Border is the line that runs between Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Ireland is an independent country. Northern Ireland is part of the UK.

NO DEAL

A ‘No Deal’ Brexit means there will be no deals or plans made for what will happen in the future between the UK and the EU.

Britain will be out of the EU completely.

CUSTOMS UNION

The EU Customs Union is an agreement to let products go in and out of each other’s countries without extra costs.

They also work together to trade with outside countries. 

TRADE

Trade is buying and selling things to each other. Countries trade with other countries.

Leavers want Brexit to make new trade plans. Remainers want EU trade plans.

BORDER

A border is the line between countries.

A hard border has lots of controls watching who and what is crossing it. Soft borders have less controls and is easier to cross.

BACKSTOP

A backstop is a made up border away from the island of Ireland.

This is to stop the Irish border being made into a hard border as that would break the Good Friday Agreement.

BACKSTOP PROBLEMS

Unionist and Brexit MPs don’t like the backstop.

This is because moving the border away from Ireland leaves Northern Ireland in the EU area so it will be different from the rest of the UK.

WITHDRAWAL BILL

Some of the UK’s laws are EU ones. The UK has to bring them under the British Parliaments. 

The special law to do this is called the Withdrawal bill or the Repeal bill.

SINGLE MARKET

The Single Market is an agreement between members to move and work and trade together.

It shares rules and laws to make this happen easily and takes away barriers like borders.

REMAINERS

Remainers is a nickname. It means people who voted to stay in the EU.

The remain side lost the EU referendum in 2016. Remainers do not want Brexit.

Good Friday Agreement

The Good Friday Agreement was made between Ireland and the UK to stop the troubles in Northern Ireland.

It says a soft Irish border with both sides in the EU made peace easier.

HARD BREXIT

A ‘Hard Brexit’ is the type of agreement the UK and EU may have after Brexit.

It will mean the UK is out of the EU but still works and trades with it in some way.

CONTINUITY BILL

Some EU laws are about ‘devolved’ matters but the UK Government wants to take them after Brexit.

MSPs passed the Continuity bill to protect devolved powers. 

PEOPLE’S VOTE

When the UK and EU agree a deal, MPs at Westminster get a chance to vote on it.

The People’s Vote is a public campaign for the public to get the chance to vote on it too.

LEAVERS

Leavers is a nickname. It is a name for all the people who voted to leave the EU.

The leave side won the EU referendum in 2016. Leavers want the UK to stop being in the EU.

Theresa May’s Deal

MPs have voted against the Prime Minister’s deal.

Remain MPs don’t want to leave EU things. Leave MPs don’t want to stay in the Customs Union or have a backstop.

SOFT BREXIT

A ‘Soft Brexit’ is a kind of agreement the UK and EU could have.

It will mean the UK leaves the EU but stays in some agreements like the Single Market or Customs Union.

POWER GRAB

The UK Government wants some devolved powers back.

It went to court to ask judges if it could ignore the Continuity Bill. They said only one part of the bill.

ARTICLE 50

Article 50 is an EU rule which tells members what they have to do when they are leaving.

It gives members 2 years to get ready for leaving or stay. The UK leaving date is March 2019.

WTO RULES

WTO means World Trade Organisation. This is an organisation that works for countries to trade with each other.

If there is no Brexit deal, the UK will have to follow WTO rules.

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