Easy Read Guide to Brexit Words
The Irish Border is the line that runs between Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Ireland is an independent country. Northern Ireland is part of Britain.
A ‘No Deal’ Brexit means there will be no deals or plans made for what will happen in the future between the UK and the EU.
Britain will be out of the EU completely.
The EU Customs Union is an agreement to let products go in and out of each other’s countries without extra costs.
They also work together to trade with outside countries.
Trade is buying and selling things to each other. Countries trade with other countries.
Leavers want Brexit to make new trade plans. Remainers want EU trade plans.
The UK and EU don’t want to cause problems on the Irish border.
A backstop means a Brexit border would have to be moved outside of the island of Ireland.
Some of the UK’s laws are EU ones. Now the UK has to bring them under the British Parliaments.
The special law it needs to do this is called the Withdrawal or Repeal bill.
The Single Market is an agreement between members to move and work and trade together.
It shares rules and laws to make this happen easily and takes away barriers like borders.
Remainers is a nickname. It means people who voted to stay in the EU.
The remain side lost the EU referendum in 2016. Remainers do not want Brexit.
A ‘Hard Brexit’ is the type of agreement the UK and EU may have after Brexit.
It will mean the UK is out of the EU but still works and trades with it in some way.
Some EU laws are about ‘devolved’ matters but the UK Government wants to take them after Brexit.
MSPs passed the Continuity bill to protect devolved powers.
When the UK and EU agree a deal, MPs at Westminster will get a chance to vote on it.
The People’s Vote is a public campaign for the public to get the chance to vote on it too.
Leavers is a nickname. It is a name for all the people who voted to leave the EU.
The leave side won the EU referendum in 2016. Leavers want the UK to stop being in the EU.
A ‘Soft Brexit’ is a kind of agreement the UK and EU could have.
It will mean the UK leaves the EU but stays in some agreements like the Single Market or Customs Union.
The UK Government does not agree with the Continuity bill and wants some devolved powers for 7 years after Brexit.
They have gone to court to ask a judge to decide if they can ignore it.
Article 50 is an EU rule which tells members what they have to do when they are leaving.
It gives members 2 years to get ready for leaving. The UK leaving date is March 2019.
WTO means World Trade Organisation. This is an organisation that works for countries to trade with each other.
If there is no Brexit deal, the UK will have to follow WTO rules.